European Remembrance - Symposium of European Institutions dealing with 20th Century History


Speakers & Moderators

Professor László Lovász

Professor László Lovász is a mathematician who has been president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 2014. He has won numerous awards for his work, including the Knuth and Wolf prize in 1999, and the Kyoto prize for Basic Science in 2010. He served as president of the International Mathematical Union from 2007 until 2010, was a professor at the Yale University and is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science of the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary. His main research topics are combinatorial optimization, algorithms, complexity, and graph theory.

Zoltán Balog

Zoltán Balog is a pastor and has been the Hungarian Minister of Human Resources since 2012 and a member of the National Assembly since 2006. Between 2006 and 2010 he functioned as chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights, Minority, Civic and Religious Affairs. He has also been a Member of the Board of Supervision of the XX. Century Institute Foundation for Research in Central- and Eastern European History and Society, and he is chairman of the Hungarian Civic Cooperation.

Professor Piotr Gliński

Professor Piotr Gliński is a sociologist and has been the Polish Minister of Culture and National Heritage since 2015. He was a professor at the University of Białystok and head of the Department of Sociology at the University, and in 2008 received the title of professor of Humanities.

László Regéczy-Nagy

László Regéczy-Nagy fell in 1945 into British captivity as a Hungarian officer from which he was released in 1946. From 1948 onwards he worked as a driver at the British Legation in Budapest. In 1956, he participated in the revolution and freedom fight. After the Soviet intervention Regéczy-Nagy handed over documents written by Imre Nagy and István Bibó to the British Minister. In 1958, he was sentenced to fifteen years in prison, from which he was released in 1963. Since 1996, he is chair of the Committee for Historical Justice (TIB), an organization representing former freedom fighters.

Dr Łukasz Kamiński

Łukasz Kamiński is a historian and has been president of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) since 2011. Since taking up his duties, Łukasz Kaminski initiated the publication of a fundamental selection of documents from the archives of Eastern Europe which depict the reaction of the Soviet bloc countries to the crisis in Poland, between 1980 and 1981. Together with Grzegorz Waligóra he released the following collections of documents concerning the activities of security services aimed at opposition groups and organizations in the 1970s and 1980s: Fighting Solidarity in the Documents, Codename Vassals: the Security Service towards Solidarity Student Committees in 1977-1980, Codename Pegasus: Security Service towards Society of Academic Trainings in 1978-1980. Łukasz Kamiński established international scientific cooperation in the area of the recent history of Central and Eastern Europe, and initiated numerous seminars and conferences devoted to issues of socio-political crises in the countries of the Soviet bloc. He has also co-organized several major international scientific conferences on the communist system and the communist repression apparatus.

Dr Réka Földváryné Kiss

Dr. Réka Földváryné Kiss is a historian and chair of the Committee of National Remembrance of Hungary. She studied in Hungary, Denmark and Scotland and later worked for the Institute of Ethnology of Research Center for Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences from 2000 to 2014, where she became senior research fellow in 2012. Her main research areas include relations between the church and the Hungarian state during the communist period; the retaliations of 1956, and social-history after 1945. She is the author, co-author and editor of ten books and some eighty scientific studies. She is the coordinator of the Hungarian party party in the European Network for Remembrance and Solidarity.

Professor Matthias Weber

Professor Matthias Weber is a historian and German studies scholar. Since May 2004 he has served as the director of the Federal Institute for Culture and History of the Germans in Eastern Europe (BKGE) in Oldenburg. He was awarded his post-doctoral degree in Contemporary and German Regional History by the University of Oldenburg. Since 1999 he has been an associate professor. His main areas of research have been the history of Silesia, early modern history, the Habsburg monarchy and German regional history. He is a member of the Silesian Historical Commission and of the J.G. Herder Research Council, which supports research in the social and cultural history of Eastern Europe. He is the coordinator of the German party in the European Network for Remembrance and Solidarity.

Professor Mark Kramer

Professor Mark Kramer is a Professor and Director of Cold War Studies at Harvard University and a Senior Fellow of Harvard's Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Originally trained in higher mathematics at Stanford University, he went on to study international relations as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University and an Academy Scholar at Harvard University. He is editor of both the Journal of Cold War Studies, published by MIT Press, and the Harvard Cold War Studies Book Series, published by Rowman & Littlefield. In addition to teaching political science and international relations at Harvard, he has been a visiting professor at Brown University, Yale University, Aarhus University in Denmark, and Beijing's University of International and Business Economics. He is the author of many books and articles, including, most recently, Imposing, Maintaining, and Tearing Open the Iron Curtain: The Cold War and East‐Central Europe, 1945‐1990 (2013), Reassessing History on Two Continents(2013), Der Kreml und die Wende 1989 (2014), and Moskau und die Wiedervereinigung (2015). He is also editor of the forthcoming three-volume survey The Fate of Communist Regimes, 1989-1991, to be published in early 2017.

Professor Sándor M. Kiss

Sándor M. Kiss received his degree in 1967 from the Loránd Eötvös-University, Budapest as a teacher of literature and history. From September 1967 to December 31, 1972, he worked as a scientific researcher at the Institute and Museum for Military History. From January 1, 1973 to October 1990 he was employed at the Institute for Public Instruction (later renamed the Institute for Cultural Research). In 1990 and 1991 he was head of department at the cabinet office of the Ministry of Culture and Education before he returned to the Insitute of Military History where he worked as a senior research fellow until September, 1997. From 1991 and June 1994 he was also chief advisor on the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board. From September 1997 until June 30, 2013 he was the director of the Insitute of History at the Péter Pázmány Catholic University of Budapest. Having become a professor in 2004 he is now professor emeritus. From July 1, 2013 he became deputy director general of the Scientific Institute for Researching the Regime Change (RETÖRKI).

Dr Alexander Stykalin

Alexander Stykalin is a historian, an expert on both Soviet Policy in Central-Eastern Europe after World War II and in Hungarian and Romanian Studies. He is coordinating researcher of the Institute of Slavic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, and has taught in Moscow State University and the Russian State University of the Humanities. He has also worked as a journalist and political expert. Since th early 1990s her seved as one of the coordinators of the projects for the ublication of in Russia and Hungary of archival documents about the Soviet role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. His most significant publication on this theme is: "Прерванная революция. Венгерский кризис 1956 года и политика Москвы" (Moscow, 2003). For his achievements in the study of the Hungarian revolution of 1956 he was honored with the Hungarian Order (Silver Cross) in 2014. He is one of the editors and commentators of multi-volumed publications of the records of sessions held by the Soviet Party leadership in 1953-1964, publications of the materials of the first post-Stalin Communist International Conference (November 1957) and of the high-level talks between the Soviet and Yugoslavian Communist leaders in 1946-1980.

Professor Arnold Suppan

Professor Arnold Suppan was a professor of history at the University of Vienna and is Chairman of the Historical Commission at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and Vice-President of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He has published numerous articles and books, and his latest publication, Hitler - Beneš - Tito. Konflikt, Krieg und Völkermord in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa, appeared in 2014. In 2001 he received the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, and his main research areas are Austria-Hungary, 19th century Croatia, Yugoslavia between the World-Wars, and the relations between Germans and Czechs in Early-Modern times.

Professor Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski

Professor Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski is a university professor and a conservative politician, who serves as a Member of the European Parliament. He holds a PhD and a Habilitation in law from the University of Łódź. During his studies at the Law Faculty in Łódź, Ujazdowski joined the opposition movement Young Poland (Ruch Młodej Polski). He also edited a magazine Prześwit (Clearance) which was published and distributed secretly in the former Soviet Union. He was a MP in the I, III, IV, V, VI and VII parliamentary terms and was Minister of Culture and National Heritage (2000–2001, 2005–7) twice. While holding this office he restored state responsibility for conservation, collaborated on modern historical policy, and established the Polish History Museum and the Remembrance and Future Institute (Ośrodek Pamięć i Przyszłość) in Wrocław. Ujazdowski is a member of the ENRS Advisory Board.

Markus Meckel

Markus Meckel is a theologian and politician. He was involved in the opposition in the German Democratic Republic and co-founded the Social Democratic Party in the GDR in 1989. In 1990, after free elections, he served as foreign minister of the GDR. As a member of the German Bundestag (1990-2009) he focused on European politics, security issues, and German-Polish relations. He was vice-spokesman of the SPD for foreign policy up to 2009, and spokesman of the SPD parliamentary group in two commissions dealing with the SED dictatorship and its consequences (1992–98). He was a chairman of the German-Polish Parliamentary Group (1994-2009), and head of the German Parliamentary Delegation to NATO. He is chairman of the Council of the Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship (a body he initiated) and a member of the advisory board of the Federal Authority for the Processing of GDR State Intelligence Files/BStU. He is the German co-chairman of the Council of the Foundation for German-Polish Cooperation. In 2013 he was elected the President of the German War Graves Commission. Meckel is Chairman of the ENRS Advisory Board.

Gergely Prőhle

Gergely Prőhle was director of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation from 1992 until 1998. During the term of the first Orbán-cabinet he was Administrative State Secretary of the Ministry for National Cultural Heritage, and later – during the second half of the term – he was Hungary’s Ambassador to Germany. He served as an Ambassador to Switzerland in 2003-2005. In 2005-2006, he was a Deputy Head of Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was a Senior Consultant with Roland Berger Strategy Consultants in 2006-2010. From 1988 he worked for numerous electronic and printed media (Hungarian Radio, Heti Válasz, Figyelő) as an editor-leader-writer, and taught at the Foreign Languages Department of the Eötvös Lóránd University of Arts.

Professor Erwin A. Schmidl

Professor Erwin A. Schmidl is an Austrian military-historian. He studied history, anthropology, and history of art at the University of Vienna. He was Director of Research at the Institute of Military Studies of the Ministry of Defence (1996-2001), was Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace in Washington D.C. (1995-96) and a researcher at the Austrian Army Museum (1981-95). He served as UN observer in South Africa (1994) and was seconded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs / UN Department (1991-92). Presently he is the Director of Contemporary History at the Austrian National Defence Academy in Vienna and a lecturer of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Innsbruck and the University of Vienna. He is also the President of the Austrian Commission for Military History, Secretary General of the Austrian Historical Society and President of the Austrian Association for Army Historical Research.

Dr A. Ross Johnson

A. Ross Johnson is senior scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and visiting fellow and advisor to the RFE/RL archive project at the Hoover Institution. He was policy assistant for Poland at Radio Free Europe from 1966 to 1969, director of Radio Free Europe from 1988 to 1991, and a senior executive of RFE/RL until 2002. He is currently Senior Advisor to the President of RFE/RL responsible for RFE/RL archives. From 1969 to 1988 he was senior staff member of the RAND Corporation specializing in East European and Soviet security issues. He is the author of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty; the CIA Years and Beyond (Wilson Center and Stanford University Press, 2010), co-editor of Cold War Broadcasting; Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (CEU Press, 2010), and author of books on Yugoslavia and the Warsaw Pact. He is a graduate of Stanford University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Columbia University, where he received his Ph. D in 1967.

Professor Peter Haslinger

Professor Peter Haslinger is a historian and an expert in Slavic and Hungarian studies. Since 2007 he has worked as director of the Herder-Institute in Marburg and simultaneously as a professor of Eastern and Central European History at the Historical Institute of Justus Liebig University, Gießen and at the interdisciplinary Gießen East European Centre. Since 2014 he has taken part in a fellowship at the Imre Kertész Kolleg in Jena. He is also vice president of the advisory board of the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research. In 2012 he received an Anniversary Medal commemorating the bicentennial of Wrocław University. His most significant publications include Nation und Territorium im tschechischen politischen Diskurs 1880-1938, Hundert Jahre Nachbarschaft. Die Beziehungen zwischen Österreich und Ungarn 1895-1994 and Der ungarische Revisionismus und das Burgenland 1922-1932. He is a member of the Academic Council of European Network Remembrance and Solidarity.

Dr Stefano Bottoni

Stefano Bottoni was born in Bologna (Italy) in 1977. He obtained a PhD in History at the University of Bologna and then between 2005 and 2013 he has been contract lecturer in History of Eastern Europe at the University of Bologna. He is currently senior research fellow at the Research Center for the Humanities of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, in 2015 he was visiting fellow at Imre Kertész Kolleg at Jena University. His main interest fields are the nationality question in modern and contemporary Eastern Europe and and state-society relationships in communist Europe. His publication list includes a general history of contemporary Eastern Europe (Un altro Novecento. L’Europa orientale dal 1919 ad oggi. Roma, Carocci, 2011), as well as several monographies and around 80 scholarly articles.

Professor János M. Rainer

János M. Rainer is a Hungarian historian, professor of contemporary history at Eszterházy Károly College (Eger, Hungary), who won the Széchenyi Award. He graduated from the History and Library Department at Eötvös Loránd University in 1981. In the 1980s, he published his essays about reprisals after 1956 under the pseudonym Elek Fényes in the uncensored “Beszélő” samizdat journal and in the émigré periodical “Magyar Füzetek”. He finished his PhD in 1988, with a dissertation on the connection between literature and politics between 1953 and 1956. He started working at the 1956 Institute in 1991, where he was promoted to director in 1997. He has been department head of the 1956 Institute - Oral History Archive at the National Széchényi Library since 2012. His field of expertise is Hungarian history after WWII, focusing on the 1956 revolution and the Kádár-period. Among his numerous publications is the biography of Imre Nagy, published in Polish, Russian, German and English.

Dr Oldřich Tůma
Czech Republic

Dr Oldřich Tůma is director of the Institute of Contemporary History at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Dr Tůma is one of the most renowned Czech historians focusing on the post-war history of Czechoslovakia. His recent work deals with an analysis of totalitarian regimes and the mechanisms of their functions. At the Institute of Contemporary History he has supervised numerous oral history projects that aim to reconstruct a historical memory of the period after 1948 in Czechoslovakia. He is a member of the ENRS Academic Council.

Dr Cosmin Florin Budeancă

Cosmin Budeancă is an expert at The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, Bucharest, Romania. His fields of research are Romanian communism and oral history. He completed his post-doctoral studies at The Faculty of History and Philosophy, “Babes-Bolyai” University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (2013) and holds a PhD in oral history - contemporary history at The Faculty of History and Philosophy, “Babes-Bolyai” University (2008) and an MA in Oral History, The Faculty of History and Philosophy, “Babes-Bolyai” University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (1998). As a director, he established contracts and research grants for the following projects (selective): Survival and Socio-professional Integration Strategies in the Families of Former Political Prisoners in the First Two Decades of the Communist Regime (2015-2017), The Imagine of Saxons to Romanian from Transilvania after 1918. Hunedoara, Alba, Sibiu District (2001-2002). His latest publications include: Social, Cultural, Ethnic and Religious Identities in Communism ; Stalinization and De-Stalinization. The Institutional Evolution and Social Impact; The Individual and Collective Destinies in Communism; Prison Experiences in Communist Romania, vol. I-VI. He has also published numerous studies on communism and the memory of the recent past in prestigious publications in Romania and abroad including: “Historicky časopis” (Bratislava), “Spiegelungen” (München), “Levéltari Közlemények” (Budapest).

Professor Frank Hadler

Frank Hadler is Honorary Professor for Cultural History of East Central Europe at Leipzig University. He works as Research Coordinator for Modern History and Project Director at the Geisteswissenschaftliches Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas (GWZO) in Leipzig, Germany. He has a PhDr. from the University of Brno (1984) and a PhD. from the Institute for General History in Berlin (1989). His main research fields are cultural and transnational history and the history of historiography of East Central Europe since the 19th century. In 2010 he was elected General Secretary of the Commission Internationale des Etudes Historiques Slaves (CIEHS) of the CISH. Between 2001-2015 he served as president of the Karl-Lamprecht-Gesellschaft/European Network in Universal and Global History (ENIUGH). Among his recent publications are Verflochtene Geschichten: Ostmitteleuropa (2010); Disputed Territories and Shared Pasts. Overlapping National Histories in Europe (2011, 2nd edition 2015); Approaches to Slavic Unity (2013); 1989 in a Global Perspective (2015).

Professor Miklós Horváth

Miklós Horváth is a military historian and professor. After graduation he entered the army and has been done military researches since 1983. In 1989 he earned doctoral degree in political science and became holder of a CSc. degree in military science in 1996. He is a researcher of the Institute of Military History from 1990. From 2002 he is a senior fellow of the Museum "House of Terror". In 2003 he made a DSc. degree and habilitated in 2004. From 2003 to 2005 he served as the Chairman of the Institute of Military History and from 2005 he became professor at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of Pázmány Péter Catholic University. He is member of the MTA Committee on Military Science and the Committee of the Social Sciences of the Hungarian Accreditation Committee. His main research topics are the Hungarian power enforcement organizations and the history of the Hungarian revolution and independence war of 1956.

Professor Piotr Juszkiewicz

Piotr Juszkiewicz (b.1959) is an art historian and Professor at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, where he lectures at the Institute of Art History. His interests include 20th century art history, contemporary art and art criticism in the 18th-20th centuries. He has received grants and fellowships from Cambridge University, The Getty Grant Program, Rochester University and Edinburgh University and he is the editor of publications including Melancholia Jacka Malczewskiego [The Melancholy of Jacek Malczewski] (1998) and Perspektywy współczesnej historii sztuki [Perspectives on Contemporary Art History] (2009] as well as the author of several books: Wolność i metafizyka. O tradycji artystycznej twórczości Marcela Duchampa [Freedom and Metaphysics. On Artistic tradition of Marcel Duchamp’s Art] (1995); Od rozkoszy historiozofii do gry w nic. Polska krytyka artystyczna czasu odwilży [From the Bliss of Historiosophy to the “Game of Nothing”. Polish Art Criticism of the of the Post-Stalinist "Thaw"] (2005); Cień modernizmu [The Shadow of Modernism] (2013) and numerous texts in: Artium Quaestiones, Centropa, Rocznik Historii Sztuki, Journal of Victorian Culture. Recently he became leader of a research project on Polish documentaries on art 1945-1989.

Professor Csaba Gy. Kiss

Professor Csaba Gy. Kiss is a political scientist, historian of culture and literature, and comparatist in Central European literatures and in myths and national symbols in literature, and is currently a lecturer at the University of Warsaw (Department of Hungarian Studies). In 1987 he co-founded the Hungarian Democratic Forum, later becoming its vice-president (1990) and board member (1989–93). He is a member of joint Polish-Hungarian and Slovak-Hungarian commissions of historians, guest lecturer at the universities of Zagreb, Nitra, Prague and Warsaw. Kiss is a member of the ENRS Academic Council.

Dr György Schöpflin

Dr György Schöpflin is a Hungarian academic and politician. He is a Member of the European Parliament for Fidesz and the European People's Party, and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs. Schöpflin is a substitute member of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, and a member of the Reconciliation of European Histories Group. Formerly Jean Monnet Professor of Politics at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, he has published extensively on questions of nationhood, identity and political power. His latest publication called Politics, Illusions, Fallacies was published in 2012.

Professor Norman Stone
Great Britain

Professor Norman Stone is a Scottish historian, who is currently a Professor in the Department of International Relations at Bilkent University, Ankara. He is a former Professor at the University of Oxford, Lecturer at the University of Cambridge, and adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. He has published a variety of works, among which his latest, World War Two: A Short History appeared in 2013. He was awarded the Wolfson History Prize for his best known book The Eastern Front 1914-1917 (1975) and is an expert on both World Wars.

Professor Andrzej Nowak

Professor Andrzej Nowak is a professor at the History Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences and at the History Institute of the Jagiellonian University where he directs the Institute of Eastern European History. He is the former chief editor of the socio-cultural magazine “Arcana” and a member of the Advisory Board of Polish Radio since 1998. He is the author of numerous books, including his most recent publication The First Western Betrayal; 1920 – The Forgotten Appeasement (2015). Professor Nowak’s main research areas are Eastern European cultural and political history and thought in the 19th and 20th centuries, political philosophy, international political relations, modern mass media and Polish-Russian relations. He is a member of ENRS Academic Council.

Professor Pál Fodor

Pál Fodor is a Hungarian Historian, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He graduated from the History and Turkish Department at Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem in 1979. Between 1980-1991, he worked at the Oriental Workshop of the Linguistics Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He has worked at the Institute of History at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1991, where he was elected as director in 2012. Since 2013, he has been the Director of the Institute of History of the Humanities Research Centre at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He was lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University between 1994 and 2005. His field of expertise is the history of the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman occupation of Hungary.

Professor László Borhi

Associate Professor, Indiana University/Scientific Counsellor, Institute of History, Center for Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences; books include: Hungary in the Cold War, CEU Press 2004; Dealing with Dictators, Indiana University Press, 2016. Currently working on a book on Hungary and Central Europe under national socialism and Stalinism.

Professor László Csorba

László Csorba is a historian. He made his degree in history and library science at Loránd Eötvös University of Budapest in 1979. From 1979 to 1991, he was researcher at the Institute for Philosophy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Since 1991, he is associate professor at the Department for Cultural History at the Loránd Eötvös University. 1992–1993 he was guest professor at University of Indiana. From 1998, he was scientific director of the Hungarian Academy in Rome, where he became director in 2003. 2007–2010, he was deputy director of the Insitute for History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Since 2010, he is director general of the Hungarian National Museum. He made his DSc. degree in 2015. His main fields of interest are history of Hungarian cultural and church policy in the modern age as well as history of Hungarian–Italian relations.