European Remembrance - Symposium of European Institutions dealing with 20th Century History

Bucharest 2018

Speakers' bios

Prof. Marek Aleksander Cichocki

Since 2004, Marek Aleksander Cichocki has been curriculum director of the European Centre in Natolin as well as editor-in-chief of the magazine New Europe. Natolin Review. From 2007 to 2010, Advisor to the President of the Republic of Poland and Sherpa for the Lisbon Treaty negotiations. Since 2003, he has also been publisher and editor-in-chief of the Teologia Polityczna yearly. He is a permanent professor at the Collegium Civitas in Warsaw and visiting professor at the College of Europe Natolin. Professor Cichocki is the author of many books, essays, articles and dissertations on international relations.


Prof. Dan Dungaciu

Dan Dungaciu is a professor at the Faculty of Sociology and Social Work of the University of Bucharest, director of the Institute of Political Sciences and International Relations of the Romanian Academy (IRRA) and president of the Black Sea University Foundation. He has studied and worked as an associate researcher in many western institutions such as: Fernand Braudel Institute (Binghamton, USA), Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Study (Erfurt, Germany), Department of Political Sciences and Public Administration – Law, Economics and Political Sciences School of Athens (Greece), Central European University (Budapest, Hungary), Department of Social Sciences, Polytechnic University (Cambridge, UK), Institute for Human Sciences (Vienna, Austria), Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology (Halle, Germany), and Triangle Research Centre (North Carolina, USA). Professor Dungaciu is a laureate of the Dimitrie Gusti Prize for sociology of the Romanian Academy (1995) and the International Prize for Sociology of the University of Istanbul (2001). He is a holder of a special ‘Merit of Honour’ state distinction in the Republic of Moldova (2009). In 2010, he served as an adviser for European integration to the Moldovan president. He is the author of tens of studies and papers, the most recent being: Elements for a Theory of Nation and Nationalism (2012), The European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood Today (2015) and The Perfect Storm of the European Crisis (2017).


Prof. Anne Deighton

Anne Deighton is a professor emeritus of European International Politics at the University of Oxford, UK, and a member of both the Politics and History Faculties. She has held academic positions at the University since 1997. She has been appointed an ad personam Jean Monnet professor and has been a member of the Groupe de Liaision of EU Historians. A fellow of the Royal Historical Society, she has recently also became a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. She has taught at the University of Reading and the Open University as well as held visiting professorships in Sciences Po, Paris I and III, Paris, France; Geneva; Free University, Berlin; SAIS, Italy; ULB, Belgium. She has been a member of the Executive Committee of Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs) and sits on the Conseil Scientifique de la Recherche Historique de la Defense for the Ministry of Defence, France. Professor Deighton researches and writes on the early Cold War, British foreign policy, European security and human rights issues, and the bumpy path of European integration. She dealt with memory in ‘The past in the present: British imperial memories and the European question’ in Memory and Power in Postwar Europe, ed. Jan-Werner Mueller, Cambridge. Her most recent public lectures – on Brexit – were delivered in Tallinn, Estonia for the Estonian Presidency, in Oslo for the Norwegian Research Council, and in Mainz, Germany.


Prof. Jörn Leonhard

Jörn Leonhard is a full professor in Modern European History at the History Seminar of Freiburg University. He received his PhD title (1998) and habilitation (2004) at the University of Heidelberg. Between 1998 and 2003, he taught as a fellow and tutor in Modern History at Oxford University, from 2004 to 2006 as a reader in West European History at Jena University before coming to Freiburg. From 2007 to 2012 he was one of the founding directors of the School of History of the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS). In 2012/13, he was a visiting Fellow at the Minda de Gunzburg Centre for European Studies at Harvard University. In 2015, he was elected a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. In 2016/17, he was Senior Fellow at the Historisches Kolleg Munich to complete his book on Overburdened Peace. A Global History 1918-1923. Professor Leonhard’s main publications include Liberalismus. Zur historischen Semantik eines europäischen Deutungsmusters (Munich, 2001); Bellizismus und Nation. Kriegsdeutung und Nationalbestimmung in Europa und den Vereinigten Staaten 1750-1914 (Munich, 2008); Empires und Nationalstaaten im 19. Jahrhundert (together with Ulrike von Hirschhausen), (second edition Göttingen, 2010); ed. (together with Ulrike von Hirtschhausen), Comparing Empires. Encounters and Transfers in the Nineteenth an Early Twentieth Century (Göttingen, second edition 2012); Die Büchse der Pandora. Geschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs (Munich, fifth edition 2014), English translation: Pandora’s Box. A History of the First World War (Harvard University Press, 2018). His current research work focuses on Der überforderte Frieden. Versailles und die Welt 1918-1923, English translation: Overburdened Peace. Versailles and the World 1918-1923 whose publication is expected in the autumn of 2018.


Dr Martin Pekár

Martin Pekár has been teaching at Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice since 2011. He earned his PhD from the Prešov Faculty of Arts in 2004; since, he has authored, co-authored or edited scientific essays and research papers focused on history of Slovakia in the first half of the twentieth century, regional history of eastern Slovakia, interethnic relations, urban history and questions of history teaching. He has also been the principal investigator and co-researcher of domestic and foreign scientific and infrastructural projects as well as a member of editorial boards, scientific boards and professional organisations.


Prof. Attila Pók

Attila Pók is the Deputy Director of the Institute of History, the Research Centre for the Humanities at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Executive Vice President of the Hungarian Historical Association and Senior Researcher at the Institute of Advanced Study in Kőszeg. Professor Pók used to teach at the Institute of European Studies in Vienna and has been a recurring visiting professor of history at Columbia University, New York since 1999. His scholarly interests include 19-20th century European and Hungarian political and intellectual history, 19th- and 20th-century European historical writing, the theory and methodology of history and the history of nationalism. Pók is Chairman of the ENRS Academic Council.


Gemma Pörzgen

Gemma Pörzgen is a German Berlin-based journalist specialising in foreign policy and Eastern Europe. She grew up in Moscow and Bonn, studied Political Science and Russian Literature in Munich and then joined the team of the German daily Frankfurter Rundschau. She became a foreign correspondent based in Belgrade and later covered Israel and the Palestinian territories for German newspapers. Today, she works with the German radio station Deutschlandfunk Kultur and is an author for different publishers as well as a moderator and media-consultant. Gemma Pörzgen is a co-founder of Reporters Without Borders Germany and serves today as its board member.


Dr Frédéric Dessberg

Frédéric Dessberg is an assistant professor in Contemporary History at Paris Panthéon-Sorbonne University detached at the Saint-Cyr Military Academy where he teaches history of international relations. He holds a Jean Monnet European Chair and is director of the scientific interest group GIS Europe based in Rennes. Dr Dessberg is a member of UMR SIRICE, Labex EHNE and the Saint-Cyr Research Centre (CREC), where he heads the European Defence and Security Department. He is interested in the French policy in Central and Eastern Europe between the two world wars. He has published and co-edited: Le Triangle impossible. Les relations franco-soviétiques et le facteur polonais dans les questions de sécurité en Europe, 1924-1935, 2009; Les Horizons lointains de la politique extérieure française, 2011; Les Européens et la guerre, 2013 ; Militaires et diplomates français face à l’Europe médiane. Entre médiations et constructions des savoirs, 2017.


Dr Oldřich Tůma

The Director of the Institute of Contemporary History at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Oldřich Tůma is one of the most renowned Czech historians focusing on the post-war history of Czechoslovakia. His recent work deals with analysis of totalitarian regimes and how they functioned. At the Institute of Contemporary History he has supervised numerous oral history projects that aim to reconstruct historical memory of the period after 1948 in Czechoslovakia. Tůma is an observer member of the ENRS Academic Council.


Prof. Dr Béla Kálmán (publishing as Béla Borsi-Kálmán)

Born in Boghis, Romania on 22 March 1948, Hungarian national since 1963. Graduated from the Arany Janos High School in Budapest. 1973 State-Examination: MA in History and Romanian Literature at Eötvös Lorand University in Budapest. 1981: First doctoral dissertation: The Hungarian Exile of Louis Kossuth and the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in the period of 1849-1870. 1990: habilitation at Eötvös Lorand University in Budapest. Topic of the PhD dissertation: Hungarian Exiles and the Romanian National Movement, 1849-1867. Since 1985, member of the Association Internationale d'Etudes du Sud-est européen /AIESEE, Paris-Bucharest and the Hungarian-Romanian Committee of Historians. Corresponding member of the French Centre d'Etudes des Civilisations de l'Europe Centrale et du Sud-Est de l'Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, INALCO, Paris III, Sorbonne. Since 1987, member of the Hungarian Section of the P.E.N.-Club. From 1990 to 95, political advisor of the first democratic government under Jozsef Antall at the Embassy of Hungary in Bucharest. 1996: visiting professor at the Oost Europa Institut of University of Amsterdam. 1999-2003: political advisor at the Embassy of Hungary in Paris. Since 2009, professor of History at Eötvös Lorand University of Budapest and doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Science. 2011 - August 2015: political advisor at the Embassy of Hungary in Paris. Since then again, professor of History at Eötvös Lorand University of Budapest.


Dr Irina Ilisei

Born in Romania in 1986, Irina Ilisei is a social researcher, civic education trainer and activist. She is the founder and president of the Plural Association where she coordinates international and national projects involving young people, teachers and youth workers covering such topics as anti-discrimination, memory work, gender equality and Roma issues. Irina Ilisei received a PhD in Political Science in 2014 with her dissertation ‘Educational inequalities of the Roma in Romania’. In 2011-2012, she was a fellow of the programme Shaping Europe - Civic Education in Action of the German Federal Agency for Civic Education and the Robert Bosch Stiftung. Since then, she has worked as a researcher and consultant for several NGOs and state institutions such as the Council of Europe, Transparency International and the Front/Feminism Romania web platform. Her most recent publication focuses on how the Romanian transition towards democracy has shaped the situation of underprivileged social groups such as women, ethnic minorities and members of the LGBT+ community.


Prof. Stefan Wolff

Stefan Wolff is a professor of International Security at the University of Birmingham, England. An expert on international crisis management and post-conflict state-building, he has published over 80 journal articles and book chapters, as well as 17 books, including Ethnic Conflict: A Global Perspective (Oxford University Press 2007). Bridging the gap between academia and policy-making, he frequently advises governments and international organisations and has been involved in various stages of peace negotiations, including in Africa, the Middle East and the post-Soviet space. Dr Wolff graduated from the University of Leipzig and holds an M.Phil. from the University of Cambridge and a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science.


Dr Mihail E. Ionescu

Major General (r) Dr. Mihail E. Ionescu is a historian, specialized in military history. He has a rich professional experience: Director of the Institute for Political Studies of Defense and Military History of the Ministry of National Defense; Director of the “Elie Wiesel” National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania and others. He is a member of the International Military History Commission as well as other international academic forums. He was vice-president of the International Commission for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania. He conducted a rich research activity that was reflected in the publication of over 40 monographs and scientific studies: Romanians in the Great War. 1915; Black Sea. From the "Byzantine lake to the challenges of the XXI century" and others.


Dr Sławomir Dębski

Sławomir Dębski has been director of the Polish Institute of International Affairs since February 2016. He previously held this position from 2007 to 2010. He was affiliated with the Institute for 10 years (2000–2010) as a Russian foreign policy analyst (2000–2001), coordinator of the Eastern Europe research programme (2001–2002), head of the Research Office (2002–2007), deputy director, and acting director. Between 2011 and 2016, he was director of the Centre for Polish-Russian Dialogue and Understanding. He was also lecturer at the Institute of History of the University of Warsaw (2010–2014). Editor-in-Chief of Polski Przegląd Dyplomatyczny. Dr Dębski received his PhD in history from the Jagiellonian University in 2002. He holds two master's degrees from the Jagiellonian University (1995) and Central European University (Budapest, 1993). He is the author of a study on Soviet-German relations 1939-1941 (published in 2003) awarded the titles of the Historical Book of the Year by the Society of History Book Publishers and the Author of Historical Book of the Year by the quarterly Przegląd Wschodni in 2004. His key areas of expertise include Polish foreign policy, the EU’s external policy, Russian foreign policy, German-Russian relations, NATO and global security as well as history of diplomacy.


Prof. Vasile Puşcaş

Since earning his PhD from Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca in 1991, Vasile Puşcaş has become an expert in the fields of International Relations and Negotiations, European Studies and European Negotiations, Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, International Relations as well as International Business Relations and Conflict Management. Formerly a member of both the European (2007) and Romanian (2000-2008) Parliaments and the Minister for European Affairs of the Romanian Government (2008-2009), Dr Puşcaş is currently chairman of the Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai Executive Education Association in Cluj-Napoca. At the same time, he holds positions in research and cultural institutions in Europe and is a member of editorial boards, scientific boards and professional organisations.


Prof. Maxime Lefebvre

Maxime Lefebvre is a diplomat and professor in International and European Affairs at Sciences Po Paris (Institute for Political Studies) and ESCP Europe (Business School). He is a former student of the National School of Administration (ENA), a graduate of the prominent business school École des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC) and of Sciences Po Paris. He also holds a master’s degree in History (Paris Sorbonne) and a PhD in Political Science/International Relations (Paris Panthéon Assas University). He began his career at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1994 and was posted in Minister Védrine’s private office, the French Embassy in Berlin and the French Permanent Representation to the EU. Professor Lefebvre has held the posts of director for international relations in the ENA, deputy director of policy planning staff at the French Foreign Ministry, Ambassador to the OSCE (Vienna) and Ambassador to Cross Boundary Cooperation in the French Foreign Ministry. He has also worked in the French think tank Institut français des relations internationales (IFRI) and written several books and articles about European policy and international relations.


Dr Nadiia Bureiko

Nadiia Bureiko is head of European Studies at the Ukrainian Prism Foreign Policy Council and vice head at the Quadrivium NGO. She has recently completed her research fellowship at New Europe College, Institute for Advanced Studies in Romania and post-doctoral research at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland as a holder of the Swiss Government Excellence Scholarship (2014-2015). Prior to that, she pursued MA studies in International Relations and then a PhD programme in Political Science at Yurii Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Ukraine, where she also worked as an assistant professor at the Department of International Relations. Dr Bureiko is a coordinator of an ongoing research project entitled ‘Bukovyna as a contact zone’ co-funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation. She was also a coordinator of the projects ‘From inspiration to implementation: The Europeanisation process in Ukraine’ co-funded by the International Visegrad Fund and ‘United by Future’ co-funded by the Polish-Ukrainian Youth Exchange Council. She is a member of Erasmus + Jean Monnet project ‘The Eastern Partnership under strain – Time for a rethink?’ and an Erasmus+ Jean Monnet network European Union and its neighbourhood. Network for enhancing EU’s actorness in the Eastern borderlands.


Dr Chantal Kesteloot

Chantal Kesteloot has a PhD in Contemporary History (Université libre de Bruxelles, 2001). Since 1992, a member of the permanent team of the Centre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Contemporary Society/State Archives, currently in charge of the sector of public history. Her main areas of interest are the history of Brussels, memory of war and Belgian history as well as issues of nationalism and national identities. A corresponding secretary of the International Federation for Public History. Her latest publications include ‘De la séparation administrative au nationalisme belge : la quête identitaire du mouvement wallon à la faveur de la Grande Guerre’, in Sylvain Gregori & Jean-Paul Pellegrinetti (eds.), Minorités, identités régionales et nationales en guerre 1914-1918, PUR, Rennes, 2017 ; 'Pour une analyse du phénomène commémoratif’ in Revue belge d'Histoire contemporaine, XLVI, 2016, n°3-4, pp. 207-222, together with Laurence van Ypersele and Bruxelles, ville occupée, 1914-1914, La Renaissance du Livre, 2016 together with Bruno Benvido.


Robert Kostro

Robert Kostro is a Polish historian, publicist and journalist. In the 1980s he joined the opposition movement Young Poland (Ruch Młodej Polski). In 1988 Kostro co-founded a conservative association called the Academic League. Between 1991 and 1994 he was a journalist for Polish Politics, as well as several other journals. In 1997 Kostro was appointed Director of the Department of Foreign Relations in the Prime Minister’s office. After the appointment of Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski as Minister of Culture and National Heritage, Kostro became the head of his political cabinet. In 2001 he was appointed Deputy Director of the Adam Mickiewicz Institute. Since 2006 he has been the founding Director of the Polish History Museum. Kostro is a member of the ENRS Advisory Board.


Alan Wakefield

Alan Wakefield graduated from the University of Reading in 1990 with a degree in History and followed this with an MA in War Studies from King’s College London. Having worked as a curator at the National Maritime Museum and RAF Museum, Alan qualified with an MA in Museum Studies from University College London. Between 2000 and 2016, he was employed as a curator and then Head of the Photograph Archive of the Imperial War Museum. In August 2016, Alan was appointed to the position of Head of First World War & Early 20th-Century Conflict at the IWM. In this post, Alan is in charge of a team of seven curators and historians responsible for all historical and collections output at the Museum relating to the period 1900–1929. In 2004, he co-authored Under the Devil’s Eye: Britain’s Forgotten Army at Salonika 1915-1918 for Sutton Publishing (republished by Pen & Sword in 2011) and in 2006 Christmas in the Trenches 1914–1918 for the same publisher. In 2009, he edited for publication by Haynes the diary of a Royal Field Artillery signaller who served on the Western Front, entitled Plough and Scatter: The Diary-Journal of a First World War Gunner. He is currently working on a book about the First World War campaign in Mesopotamia. Alan holds the position of Chairman of the Salonika Campaign Society and is a member of the British Commission for Military History. He writes and lectures on various aspects of military history, with particular emphasis on the First World War and over the past decade has led many tour groups to the battlefields of the Salonika Campaign.


Acad. Răzvan Theodorescu

Acad. Răzvan Theodorescu is an art historian, member of the Romanian Academy. He has a rich professional experience: President of the Romanian Radio Television, Minister of Culture and Religious Affairs (2000-2004), Rector of the National Art University of Bucharest etc. He is a member of numerous international academic forums, has received numerous awards and honors. In 1993 he was awarded the Herder Prize. He is the author of books and numerous articles of specialty, among which: Romanian People’s Civilisation from Medieval Age to Modernity. The Horizon of the Image (1550-1800) Roumains et Balkaniques dans la Civilization sud-est européenes and many others.


Michael Žantovský

Michael Žantovský is a diplomat, politician, writer and translator. He studied Psychology at Charles University in Prague and McGill University in Montreal, Canada and worked as a research psychologist. From 1980, Mr Žantovský worked as a freelance translator and author. He has translated more than 50 works of contemporary English and American fiction, poetry, drama and nonfiction into Czech. He was a contributor to the samizdat press and a Prague correspondent for Reuters, an international news agency. In 1989, he was a founding member of the Czech chapter of P.E.N., an international organisation of writers and translators banned in Czechoslovakia during the communist era. In November 1989, he was a founding member of the Civic Forum, an umbrella organisation that coordinated the overthrowing of the communist regime and became its press spokesman. In January 1990, he became the spokesman and press secretary for President Václav Havel. In July 1992, Mr Žantovský was appointed Ambassador to the United States. In 1996, he was elected to the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and served as the chairman of its Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security. He served as the Czech Ambassador to Israel from 2003 to 2009. Between 2009 and August 2015, he was the Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the Court of St. James’s. He is a regular contributor to World Affairs Journal and Aspen Review Central Europe. Since 2012, he has served as vice president of Aspen Institute Prague. His biography of his long-time friend Václav Havel A Life was published in English, Czech and several other languages in November 2014 to much acclaim. On 1 September 2015, Mr Žantovský became executive director of Václav Havel Library in Prague.


Prof. David Reynolds

David Reynolds is a professor of International History at Cambridge University and a fellow of the British Academy. He studied at Cambridge and Harvard Universities and has been a regular visitor to the United States since first going there as a graduate student in 1973. In 2013-15, he served for two academic years as chairman of the Faculty of History. His visiting positions include posts at Harvard, Nihon University in Tokyo, and Sciences Po in Paris. He won the Wolfson Prize for History (2004) and was elected a fellow of the British Academy in 2005 and a member of the Society of American Historians in 2011. He is the author or editor of 15 books on various aspects of twentieth-century international history, most recently The Long Shadow: The Great War and the Twentieth Century (2013) and, as co-editor, Transcending the Cold War (2016). He has also written and presented 13 historical documentaries for BBC TV, including trilogies on The Long Shadow and the Big Three Allied leaders of World War – most of which are available on Netflix.


Markus Meckel

Markus Meckel is a German politician (SPD) and was a member of the German Bundestag from 1990 to 2009. He grew up in the GDR, is an evangelical priest and has been a member of the opposition since the 1970s. From 1988 to 1990 he headed the Ecumenical Education and Meeting Center of the Evangelical Church near Magdeburg. In 1989 he initiated the founding of the Social Democratic Party in the GDR and became its deputy chairman. He sat at the Central Round Table and, after free elections, was a parliamentary deputy and foreign minister (April-August 1990). He took part in the 2 + 4 talks that led to German unification. Meckel is the German chairman of the council of the SDPZ and chairman of the Federal Reconciliation Foundation in Germany. He is the winner of several German and European awards. From 2013 to 2016 he was the President of the Volksbundes Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V., an association tending to war graves. He has been Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the ENRS since 2015.